How Politics Work in the USA

The United States has a two-party system. The Republicans and the Democrats are the two main political parties in the USA. There are also some smaller parties, but these two parties are the most powerful.

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The Three Branches of Government

The USA has a presidential representative democratic republic, which is a fancy way of saying that the US has a three-branch system of government. Legislative, executive, and judicial. This system was designed so that no one branch would become too powerful. In this article, we’ll discuss how each branch works and what their individual powers are.

The Legislative Branch

The Legislative Branch is in charge of making laws. This branch is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The number of Representatives each state has is based on that state’s population. Every state has two Senators.

The legislators in the House of Representatives are called Congressmen or Congresswomen. There are 435 Representatives. The chairperson of the House is the Speaker of the House. The leader of the Senate is called the Majority Leader.

The Vice President of the United States is also part of the Legislative Branch. The Vice President is the President of the Senate, but only casts a vote in the Senate if there is a tie.

The Executive Branch

The executive branch is responsible for carrying out the laws of the United States. The president is the head of this branch and he or she can veto laws that Congress passes. The president is also the commander-in-chief of the military. The president gets to choose Cabinet secretaries, Supreme Court justices, and ambassadors.

The Judicial Branch

The judicial branch is in charge of interpreting the laws. This means that when there is a law that is unclear, or when there is a dispute about what a law means, it is the job of the judicial branch to figure it out. The judicial branch is made up of the court system.

The court system is made up of many different levels. The lowest level is called a magistrate court or a small claims court. These courts handle cases that involve small amounts of money, and they do not have juries. Juries are groups of people who listen to evidence in a case and decide if a person is guilty or not guilty.Magistrate courts and small claims courts do not have juries because the cases they hear are not serious enough to need one.

The next level up from magistrate courts and small claims courts are district courts. District courts handle more serious cases, and they have juries. If someone is accused of a crime, their case will be heard in district court.

Above district courts are state courts and federal courts. State courts handle cases that involve state laws, and federal courts handle cases that involve federal laws. The Constitution says that any case involving federal laws must be heard in federal court, no matter what level the case is at. This means that even if a case starts off in magistrate court, if it involves federal laws, it can be moved up to federal court.

The Two-Party System

In the United States, there are two main political parties: the Democrats and the Republicans. These parties have different ideologies and goals. The Democrats are typically seen as more liberal, while the Republicans are seen as more conservative. The two-party system has its pros and cons, but overall it helps to keep the government stable.

The Republican Party

The Republican Party, often called the GOP (short for “Grand Old Party”) is one of two major political parties in the United States. Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery activists and modernizers, the Republican Party rose to prominence in 1860 with the election of Abraham Lincoln, the first Republican president. Under Lincoln and his successors, the Republican Party came to dominate national politics during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. Today, the party has positions on economic issues that are considered center-right, social issues that are considered center-left, and foreign policy where it takes an internationalist approach.

In 2016, Donald Trump was elected as the party’s nominee and went on to win the presidential election, becoming the 45th president of the United States. The GOP controls a majority in the U.S. Senate and a significant minority in The House of Representatives.

The Democratic Party

The Democratic Party is one of the two majorpolitical parties in the United States, along withthe Republican Party. It is the oldest political partyin the world, and traces its roots back to the eighteenthcentury. The Democratic Party is committed to socialand economic justice, and supports a wide range ofpolicies that promote equality and opportunity for allAmericans.

The Democratic Party is proud of its history as theparty of working people, and it remains committedto fighting for policies that will improve the livesof working families. The party supports a livableminimum wage, paid sick leave and family leave, equalpay for women, and affordable child care and healthcare. The Democratic Party also believes that everyAmerican deserves a quality education, and it iscommitted to fighting for policies that will makecollege more affordable and reduce student debt.

The Democratic Party is also committed to protectingthe rights of all Americans. The party supportsequal rights for LGBTQ+ Americans, reproductivechoice, voting rights, immigrants’ rights, and civilrights for all.

The Electoral College

In the United States, the President is not elected by popular vote. The President is elected by the Electoral College. The Electoral College is a group of people who are chosen by the political parties to represent the states in the presidential election. Each state has a certain number of electors based on its population.

The Pros

The United States is not a direct democracy, but a representative democracy. This means that we elect officials to make decisions on our behalf. The Electoral College is one way that we ensure that all voices are heard and that everyone has a say in who leads our country.

There are several advantages to the Electoral College. First, it ensures that all areas of the country are represented. If we only relied on the popular vote, then candidates would only focus on campaigning in large urban areas where they would be guaranteed to get a large number of votes. This would ignore rural areas and small states, which would feel left out of the process.

Second, the Electoral College forces candidates to campaign in a wide variety of states, not just those that are “safe” for them. This allows for a more diverse cross-section of the country to be heard from and considered.

Third, the Electoral College provides a check on the power of any one geographic area. If all of the electoral votes went to the candidate who won the popular vote, then candidates would only need to focus on campaigning in densely populated areas where they could get the most votes with the least amount of effort. The Electoral College ensures that all areas have a say in who becomes president.

Fourth, the Electoral College ensures that every state has an equal say in who becomes president. If we only had a popular vote, then smaller states would be ignored because their citizens’ votes would count for less than those from larger states. The Electoral College system gives every state an equal voice regardless of size, which is an important principle in our federal system of government.

The Electoral College is not perfect, but it does provide some important advantages over other systems. It ensures that every voice is heard and that no one geographic area can dictate who becomes president. It also encourages candidates to campaign in a wide variety of states and get to know more about the diverse views and needs of different parts of our country

The Cons

The Electoral College is often critiqued because it can allow a candidate to win the presidency without winning the popular vote. This happened in the 2016 election, when Hillary Clinton won 2.9 million more votes than Donald Trump, but Trump won the election because he had more electoral votes. Some people believe that this system is unfair, and that the candidate with the most votes should always win the election.


In the United States, political parties redraw boundaries of electoral districts to increase the number of voters who identify with the party in power. This process is called gerrymandering, and it gives the party an unfair advantage in elections. Let’s take a closer look at how gerrymandering works and how it affects elections in the United States.

What is Gerrymandering?

Gerrymandering is a process whereby politicians redraw electoral district boundaries in order to favor their own party or candidate. The term “gerrymandering” was first used in the Boston Gazette on March 26, 1812. The word is a combination of the governor of Massachusetts at the time, Elbridge Gerry, and the word “salamander.” A political cartoonist drew a map of one of the newly created districts that resembled a salamander, and the name stuck.

Gerrymandering is not new, but it has become more sophisticated in recent years as technology has allowed mapmakers to better understand how voters behave. In some cases, gerrymandering can have a profound impact on elections. In 2012, for example, Republicans won a majority of seats in the U.S. House of Representatives even though Democratic candidates received more total votes nationwide.

There are two main types of gerrymandering: “packing” and “cracking.” Packing is when mapmakers pack as many voters from one party into one district as possible, making it easier for the other party to win elsewhere. Cracking is when mapmakers spread out voters from one party across many districts so that they can never reach a majority in any one district.

Both packing and cracking have been used extensively by both major parties in the United States, but Republicans have been accused of using gerrymandering more effectively in recent years. In 2010, Republicans gained control of state legislatures across the country and used that power to redraw congressional district lines before the 2012 elections. As a result, Republicans were able to win a majority of seats in the House of Representatives despite receiving fewer total votes than Democrats nationwide.

The Supreme Court has ruled that gerrymandering is not unconstitutional, but it has said that extreme cases may be challenged on other grounds such as racial discrimination. Several lawsuits challenging partisan gerrymanders are currently making their way through the courts and could have a major impact on future elections.

The Pros of Gerrymandering

Gerrymandering is the practice of drawing electoral district boundaries in a way that gives one party an advantage over the other. It can be used to increase the number of seats a party holds in legislature, or to secure a majority in parliament.

There are two main types of gerrymandering: “packing” and “cracking”. Packing is where the boundaries are drawn so that as many voters from one party are packed into one district, wasting their votes. Cracking is where the boundaries are drawn so that voters from one party are split up into multiple districts, diluted their vote.

The Pros of Gerrymandering
-Allows for representation of minority interests
-Can result in more efficient government
-Leads to more responsive politicians

The Cons of Gerrymandering
-Can result in less representative government
-Can lead to less responsive politicians

The Cons of Gerrymandering

Gerrymandering can have a few different negative consequences.

First, it can be used to create “safe seats.” These are districts where one party has such an overwhelming majority that the other party doesn’t stand a chance of winning, no matter how well they do in the rest of the state. This can lead to less competition in elections, and make it harder for people to hold their representatives accountable.

Second, gerrymandering can be used to dilute the power of certain groups of voters. For example, if a large number of conservative voters are concentrated into one district, they might not have as much influence over the overall result of the election as they would if they were spread out among several districts.

Third, gerrymandering can lead to strange-looking district maps that don’t make sense from a geographical standpoint. This can make it difficult for voters to know who their representative is and make it harder for them to get in touch with them.


In the United States, lobbying is the act of seeking to influence the passage of legislation by communicating with legislators, either on behalf of a special interest group or corporation, or as an individual citizen. Lobbying is a constitutionally protected right, and it plays an important role in the democratic process. There are a few things to know about lobbying in the United States, including how it works and who can do it.

What is Lobbying?

Lobbying is the process by which people attempt to influence the decisions of government officials. The word “lobby” comes from the place where people waited to be received by an official, such as a member of the king’s court in days gone by. The word “lobbyist” first appeared in print in 1829.

Today, lobbyists work on behalf of companies, trade associations, labor unions and other special interest groups to persuade elected officials to support legislation that would benefit their employer or group. They also work to defeat legislation that would be harmful. Lobbyists may try to influence officials through campaign contributions, personal contact or public education.

Lobbying is a legitimate and important part of the political process in the United States. It gives interested citizens and groups a way to participate in the formation of public policy. At the same time, lobbying can sometimes give rise to corruption if legislators allow themselves to be unduly influenced by lobbyists in exchange for favors or campaign contributions.

The Pros of Lobbying

Lobbying is the act of attempts to influence decisions made by the government, most often by legislators or government officials. Lobbying occurs at every level of government, including federal, state, county, and local levels. In the United States, lobbying is regulated by laws governing conflicts of interest and ethics.

There are a number of pros to lobbying. First, it can be an effective way to raise awareness about an issue or a cause. Second, it can help to build support for a particular course of action among lawmakers. Third, lobbying can help to ensure that the interests of a particular group are represented in the legislative process. Finally, lobbying can provide valuable information to lawmakers about the potential impacts of proposed legislation.

The cons of lobbying include the potential for abuse, such as when lobbyists use their influence to gain unfair advantage for their clients. Additionally, some believe that lobbying gives too much power to special interests and allows them to unduly influence government decision-making.

The Cons of Lobbying

Lobbying can creates unfair pressure on politicians. Imagine you are a politician. You have to quickly make a decision on a complicated issue. You might not have time to research all the pros and cons yourself, so you turn to outside groups for help. But wait! These groups want something in return for their help – maybe they want your vote on a bill, or a tax break for their industry, or less regulation of their business. Suddenly you feel pressure to make a decision that might not be in the best interest of your constituents or the country, but is good for the special interests that are lobbying you.

Lobbying can also be very expensive. In order to lobby effectively, special interests need to have deep pockets and hire professional lobbyists who know how to work the system. This creates an uneven playing field where average citizens don’t have the same access to elected officials as well-funded special interests.

And finally, lobbying can lead to corruption. When lobbyists offer politicians money or other favors in exchange for their vote on a bill, it’s called bribery, and it’s against the law. But even when lobbyists don’t break the law, they can still use their influence in unethical ways that hurt democracy. For example, they might spill secrets about what goes on in closed-door meetings, or threaten to withhold campaign donations if a politician doesn’t toe the line.

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